California’s rooftop solar requirement brings new meaning to the Summer Solstice

Why the requirement is the right decision

Today is the Summer Solstice, the longest day of the year in Earth’s Northern Hemisphere. It’s a day to remind ourselves that beyond those few extra minutes of brilliant light, the sun’s rays hold a virtually limitless stream of clean, renewable energy. If fully tapped, this power could save our planet from irreparable harm caused by burning fossil fuels.

Photo credit: brian kusler via Flickr CC BY 2.0

Here in California, solar energy usage is growing at an incredible rate: We now lead the nation in solar power production, and have installed enough solar hardware to power the equivalent of more than five million California homes.

But we must do more, and soon, we will. A recent unanimous decision by the California Energy Commission (CEC) mandates that all newly-built California homes will come with solar panels, beginning in 2020.

Why require all new homes to go solar? And why now?

All of us need to do more to make sure we leave a livable planet for our children and grandchildren. In spite of the tremendous strides California has made to ramp up renewable energy usage, every time a new house plugs into the power grid, it still relies on fossil fuels that pollute our air and contribute to global warming.

An average of 80,000 new homes are built in California each year. That’s 80,000 places where renewable energy can be installed, stored and used at the source. When the state implements its new requirements, the energy commission expects the solar panels installed on these homes — combined with efficiency measures — will reduce emissions by an amount equivalent to taking 115,000 fossil fuel-powered cars off the road in just three years.

The rule is expected to save Californians millions in energy costs. The commission estimates that while solar panels may add around $40 per month to an average mortgage, owners of new homes should see savings of about $80 per month on their utility bills. That doesn’t even include the savings on harm to our climate, air, land and water — and the correlating harm to our health.

This decision has been a long time coming. Back in the early 2000s, state utility commissioners set a goal for all new residential buildings to be net zero energy by 2030, meaning these homes must generate at least as much energy as they use from solar or other on-site renewable resources. The recent CEC rule simply helps to meet that goal. Combined with programs such as the 2006 Million Solar Roofs Initiative and the state’s “50% by 2030” renewable energy standard (which we may meet a decade early), the new solar rooftop requirement will keep California on track to lead the country to a future powered by clean, renewable power.

Requiring solar on California homes brings the value of a distributed, local power grid to our neighborhoods. More panels on rooftops mean less need for expensive power plants and transmission lines, and less power getting lost in the ether during delivery. Smart grids powered by solar homes can keep the lights on during disasters. Paired with increasingly robust battery storage, solar-powered homes run on clean energy when the sun goes down. The more homes that use a combination of solar and battery storage, the less need we have for so-called “baseline” power coming from dirty power plants.

Let’s remember that every year, enough sunlight shines down on the United States to provide 100 times more power than we need. We’re still capturing only a tiny percentage of it, even as the technology for collection and storage has improved by leaps and bounds. Harnessing and storing more of this energy will mean cleaner air and a more stable climate, less strain on natural resources, and more resilient communities. We’ll be able to shift from fossil fuel dependence to an energy source that will be virtually pollution-free for as long as we can imagine.

At this point, any new home or building constructed without solar power is a missed opportunity. On this Summer Solstice, let’s continue to take advantage of as many opportunities as we can for a cleaner, greener California.


Dan Jacobson

Senior Advisor, Environment California

Dan provides campaign strategy and policy guidance for Environment California's program and organizational plans. Prior to his current role, he worked as the state director of Environment California and the organizing director of Florida PIRG, among other roles. The Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Technologies (CEERT) named Dan a Clean Power Champion in 2019, and Capitol Weekly named him one of the “Top 100 Lobbyists” in California in 2008. Dan's areas of expertise include renewable energy, electric vehicles and ocean pollution, and he has successfully advocated for the passage of dozens of bills into law, including measures to ban toxic chemicals, bring 1 million solar roofs to California, and ban single-use plastic grocery bags. He ran the campaign for SB 100, California’s law setting a goal of 100 percent clean energy by 2045.