Environment Illinois Research and Education Center
Infrastructure is at the heart of America’s greatest challenges. The infrastructure investments made by generations past have contributed to improved health and welfare, and to the nation’s unparalleled economic prosperity. But the infrastructure decisions of the past have also cast a long shadow, leaving America to deal with the burden of lead water pipes that jeopardize our children’s health, fossil fuel pipelines that contribute to global warming, and transportation and solid waste infrastructure that no longer serve today’s needs.
It is time for a bold, new vision for federal infrastructure policy – one that focuses attention on the 21st century’s toughest challenges, from ensuring safe drinking water for all Americans to addressing climate change. Without significant action, the impacts of global warming threaten to change every aspect of American life as we know it. The nation’s infrastructure is an opportunity to undertake the challenge of building a better world.
It is also time for a new approach to federal investment in infrastructure – one that’s less focused on creating ribbon-cutting opportunities and maximizing job creation and more attentive to getting the most benefit out of every dollar spent.
By focusing federal policy on unleashing high-value investments in critical areas – and resisting the temptation to spend resources on counterproductive boondoggle projects – the Trump administration and Congress can leave a lasting infrastructure legacy that will be remembered by future generations.
A new approach to federal infrastructure investment policy would follow four common-sense principles.
Principle 1: Focus infrastructure investment on what matters.
The infrastructure we build today will shape American life for generations to come – creating opportunities and obligations for our children and grandchildren. By prioritizing infrastructure investment to achieve important goals in five main areas – clean energy, clean water, solid waste and recycling, natural infrastructure and transportation – decision-makers can lay a solid foundation for the health and prosperity of the nation.
Principle 2: Fix it first.
Americans have spent trillions of dollars to build infrastructure that we subsequently allowed to fall into disrepair for lack of attention to maintenance. To maximize the value of the taxpayer dollars that went towards the initial construction of infrastructure, the nation’s infrastructure vision should prioritize repair and rehabilitation of useful infrastructure that already exists over the creation of new infrastructure, where cost-effective and appropriate.
Principle 3: Don’t invest in infrastructure that will need to be abandoned before the end of its useful life.
Global warming is the most important challenge of our time and no infrastructure investment should be made without considering it. We should not invest or allow the construction of fossil fuel infrastructure that will need to be abandoned as the nation transitions to cleaner forms of energy to address climate change, and all new infrastructure should be built with the climate of the future in mind. The same principles apply for other foreseeable changes (such as emerging technologies) that threaten to make infrastructure investments obsolete.
Principle 4: Get the most out of our infrastructure.
Building the biggest, most expensive infrastructure is not always the best approach available to meeting a community’s needs. Using our existing infrastructure more efficiently can often reduce the amount we need to spend to build with similar benefits.
A bold, visionary infrastructure plan would prioritize investment in five key areas essential to public health, the preservation of a livable climate, and the quality of life in our communities. These crucial areas are energy, water, natural infrastructure, solid waste and transportation.
Much of America’s current energy infrastructure is focused on the extraction and transportation of fossil fuels, deepening U.S. dependence on dirty energy sources that threaten the nation’s health and exacerbate the threat of global warming. Fossil fuel consumption is responsible for over three-quarters of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions.
To improve our energy infrastructure, Congress should:
increase funding for clean, renewable energy infrastructure and grid modernization that will facilitate the transition to 100 percent renewable energy.
incentivize retrofits of existing buildings to improve energy efficiency.
invest in energy efficiency and clean, renewable energy at all federal and federally funded facilities.
Aging water infrastructure in the form of leaking water pipes and older water service lines containing lead threaten public health and waste valuable drinking water. Underinvestment in the maintenance of these lines result in leaks that lose 6 billion gallons of treated drinking water every day.
To improve our water infrastructure, Congress should:
support and fund the replacement of aging water pipes that waste treated drinking water.
set a national goal and provide funding to remove all lead service lines that put Americans’ health at risk and funding for schools to proactively remove all lead fixtures.
increase funding for natural and green infrastructure projects that will keep pollutants out of our waterways.
America’s natural infrastructure – in the form of our wetlands, forests and rivers – needs stronger protections. Because some of our most incredible natural spaces are also resource-rich, they are prone to the wrong kinds of infrastructure investment. Currently, 90 percent of U.S. public lands under Bureau of Land Management control are open to oil and gas leases, while only 10 percent are fully protected for conservation and recreation.
To improve our conservation infrastructure, Congress should:
invest more federal funding in protecting our natural infrastructure.
limit or otherwise ban the construction of infrastructure that threatens our natural infrastructure and wild places.
fully fund the National Park Service maintenance backlog.
The country’s solid waste infrastructure has failed to keep up with 21st century needs. Many U.S. recycling facilities, for example, have the capacity to process large quantities of newsprint but are not able to handle the current quantities of trash that have become commonplace in today’s world, such as plastic. The amount of bottles and jars made of PET in the recycling steam by weight, for example, has jumped 85 percent in just 15 years.
To improve our solid waste infrastructure, Congress should:
increase federal funding for cities and states to improve existing recycling infrastructure and increase participation in recycling programs.
increase incentives for private sector companies providing solid waste services to encourage the development of new technologies and improved waste infrastructure.
Increase federal funding for composting programs.
America’s car-centric transportation system has made the transportation sector the largest contributor to U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, with light-duty vehicles contributing more to the pollution than all other forms of transportation put together. Investment in highways in particular has also decreased air quality, increasing the risk of asthma and decreased lung function in children living nearing major roadways.
To improve our transportation infrastructure, Congress should:
focus federal funding on repairing existing roads and stop funding carbon-intensive projects.
increase funding for public transportation to make transit a viable option for more Americans.
invest more federal funding in modes of travel such as walking and biking, as well as innovative programs to get the most out of our existing transportation infrastructure by managing travel demand.
 U.S. Energy Information Administration, “Energy and the Environment Explained: Where Greenhouse Gases Come From”, April 2018. https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/index.php?page=environment_where_ghg…