Sustainable Transportation

Sustainable Transportation

Transportation is a major source of energy consumption on campus, with much of that energy coming from fossil fuels. Promoting transportation options that use less energy like public transportation, and walking and biking, will play a key role in shifting America’s colleges and universities to 100 percent renewables.

Better Transit Is a Key Building Block of a Clean Energy Future

Transportation accounts for 30 percent of energy demand in the U.S., and surpassed electricity generation as the leading source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States in 2016.[69] While electricity gets cleaner, many vehicles used for everyday travel still rely on dirty fossil fuels. Expanding existing transit services and developing new transportations options is key to reduce the dependency of campuses on fossil fuels.

Campuses Are Reaping the Benefits of Sustainable Transportation

Reducing vehicle trips benefits universities in several ways:[70]

  • Quality of Life: Fewer cars make campuses cleaner and more enjoyable, with less noise and exhaust in the air.

  • Town-Gown Relations: Reducing driving can help avoid the seasonal influx of student cars and the resulting traffic in neighborhoods close to campus.

  • Recognition: Sustainable transportation boosts colleges’ green credentials and makes them more attractive.

  • Accessibility: Many colleges offer free or discounted access to transit services, as well as their own shuttle bus and night-time transportation services.

Colleges and Universities Are Well-Positioned to Take on Transportation Challenges

College campuses are perfect places to develop sustainable transportation:

  • Physical Attributes: Campuses are dense hubs of activity that concentrate living, working and learning spaces. Walking and biking can often be the quickest and most convenient mode of travel between campus buildings.

  • Convenience: Biking is an ideal fit for many college campuses, where travel distances are short and students tend to have limited incomes and low rates of car ownership. College towns have some of the highest rates of bicycle commuting in the country, and at least 90 universities have developed bikeshare programs.[71]

  • Real Estate: Many universities also have strong motivations for limiting the use of cars – which consume valuable campus real estate. Instead of building parking lots, campuses can focus on buildings and public spaces.

  • Safety: Cars can make campuses less pleasant and more dangerous. As a result, universities are creating car-free spaces that are walkable, bikeable, convenient and safe.

To Reduce Transportation Emissions, University of Louisville Embraces Bicycles

The University of Louisville has made bikes a centerpiece of its efforts to reduce reliance on fossil fuels.

Upon finding that 79 percent of employees and 65 percent of students were driving to campus alone, the university launched Earn-a-Bike in 2012.[72] Under this program, students give up their right to a vehicle parking permit for two years in exchange for a $400 voucher towards local bike shops.[73] The program received widespread media coverage and inspired similar programs at other schools. The university also installed more than 600 new bike racks, bike fix-it stations containing tools and tire air pumps, bike lanes, and a campus bikeshare program. As a result, the percentage of students who commute primarily by bike doubled from 4 percent in 2010 to 8 percent in 2015.[74]

Since launching its bike voucher program, the University of Louisville has expanded its commitment to further shift away from fossil fuels and to reduce the number of students and faculty who commute to school in their car alone. In 2016, for example, the university launched an online transportation portal allowing students to gain access to a wider variety of transportation options, including buses and carpools.

Cornell Relies on Public Transportation for Sustainable Commuting

Cornell University works to reduce vehicle usage to cut down on energy waste and keep its campus free from congestion and pollution.

Cornell combines restrictive on-campus parking with free bus passes and easy membership access to the fuel-efficient vehicles of the Ithaca CarShare service to reduce the need for personal vehicles on campus.[75] The university has a RideShare program for faculty, and encourages students to use the ride-sharing app Zimride for rides home.[76]

As well as providing motorized alternatives to individual vehicles, Cornell has a student-run bikeshare program and promotes walking to get around its beautiful Ithaca campus.[77]

Cornell is also part of Way2Go, a community mobility program that educates the community on available mobility options at the county level and provides transportation professionals opportunities to learn from the community and understand its needs.[78]

Today, 89 percent of students and 47 percent of staff commute sustainably around Cornell’s campus.[79]

List of Resources

To develop sustainable transportation options on campus:

69. U.S. Energy Information Agency, Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Section, 2012, January 2014, available at; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Fast Facts on Transportation Greenhouse Gas Emissions, archived 27 July 2017 at

70. Tom Van Heeke and Elise Sullivan, Frontier Group, and Phineas Baxandall, U.S. PIRG Education Fund, A New Course: How Innovative University Programs Are Reducing Driving on Campus and Creating New Models for Transportation Policy, February 2014, available at

71. The League of American Bicyclists, Where We Ride: Analysis of Bicycle Commuting in American Cities, 2014, available at; Chasing Green, Promote University Campus Bike Share Program for Sustainability, (article), 11 September 2011, archived 27 July 2017 at

72. University of Louisville, Climate Action Plan, archived 27 July 2017 at

73. University of Louisville, Earn-A-Bike Program, archived 27 July 2017 at

74. University of Louisville, Sustainability – Transportation, archived 27 July 2017 at

75. Cornell University, Ithaca Carshare, accessed 27 July 2017 at

76. Cornell University, Car Sharing, Carpooling & Ridesharing, accessed 27 July 2017 at–2; Cornell University, Zimride, accessed 27 July 2017 at

77. Cornell University, Big Red Bikes, accessed 27 July 2017 at

78. Cornell Cooperative Extension of Tompkins County, About Way2Go, accessed 27 July 2017 at

79. Cornell University, Transportation, accessed 27 July 2017 at