What’s being done to save the bees?

If California's governor signs a save the bees bill, one in 4 Americans will live in a state that restricts the use of bee-killing pesticides.

Save the bees


BeeBalm, USFWS Midwest Region via Flickr | Public Domain

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California Governor Gavin Newsom has a bill on his desk to save the bees, and we’re urging him to sign it. If he does, California will join nine other states that have taken similar actions. 

Plus, one in four Americans will live in a state that has restricted bee-killing neonicotinoids or “neonics,” a class of pesticides harmful to bees. 

Said Laura Deehan, state director for Environment California. “We’re a step closer to catching up with other states that have already protected nature’s best pollinators.”

Earlier this year, Gov. Jared Polis signed a Colorado bill limiting the use of toxic bee-killing pesticides, which made Colorado the ninth state to take such an action.

This state-by-state action is vital. One example: A recent study found a dangerous decline for the western bumblebee. The study linked the decline to climate, habitat and pesticides. 

Here’s a quick look at the state-level progress to date:

Banning bee-killing pesticides, one state at a time

Colorado Gov. Polis signs a bill to limit bee-killing neonics.

Neonicotinoids (or neonics for short) are a class of pesticides that have been linked to bee die-offs. They’re 1,000 times more toxic to bees than DDT, and even sublethal doses cause a lot of damage. These neurotoxic pesticides attack bees’ brains, making it harder for them to sleep, forage, fly and even find their way home.

Fortunately, states are recognizing the threat these dangerous pesticides pose to bees, and they’re taking action to limit their use and sale. These are the nine states that have already passed laws to that effect:

  1. Connecticut (2016)
  2. Maryland (2016)
  3. Vermont (2019)
  4. Maine (2021)
  5. Massachusetts (2021)
  6. New Jersey (2022)
  7. New York (2022, 2023)
  8. Rhode Island (2022)
  9. Colorado (2023)

Thanks to this progress, 1 in 7 Americans now lives in a state with some restriction on bee-killing pesticides. 

Next up: Environment California is working to build support for a bill currently under consideration in California that would address non-agricultural uses of neonics, such as on lawns, gardens and golf courses. If successful, it would boost that number to 1 in 4 Americans living in a state with a similar such law. And our national network is looking for more opportunities to advance legislation in more states.

Taking neonics off store shelves

When it comes to maintaining our lawns and gardens, there are plenty of safe products on the market. Too many garden centers, however, still sell pesticides that are harmful to bees.

Conservationists have already helped convince The Home Depot and Lowe’s to commit to phasing out the sale of bee-killing neonics for consumer use. 

Now, we’re calling on Amazon, the world’s largest online retailer, to do the same. Our members and supporters have helped deliver tens of thousands of messages to Amazon, urging it to take bee-killing pesticides off its virtual shelves.

Winning federal progress for the bees

Major progress is also being made at the national level:

  • At the start of 2021, we celebrated when our efforts to protect bees on 11 million acres of Department of Defense-owned land came to fruition. The Defense Department is now required to abide by its own guidebook and manage military lands in a manner that protects pollinators.
  • The Inflation Reduction Act, passed in early 2023 and advocated for by our national network, included nearly $20 billion in additional funding for the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) conservation programs. We’re urging the USDA to use this funding to help pollinators, such as through its program to reimburse farmers for replanting prairie that provides native bees with much-needed habitat.

Now, our network is laying the groundwork for even bigger wins, as we urge the Biden administration to reinstate a ban on the use of bee-killing pesticides in wildlife refuges (the places bees should be safest) and call on the Environmental Protection Agency to restrict three of the most common types of neonics as they undergo a periodic review.

Of course, there’s still a long way to go to save the bees. They face a triple threat of pesticide use, habitat loss and climate change. And the policies that have been passed so far have mainly addressed the consumer use of bee-killing pesticides, while still allowing for agricultural use.

Still, no one thought it was possible to ban DDT or any other pesticide until Rachel Carson wrote “Silent Spring” and sparked an environmental movement. Together, we can keep that movement burning bright as we work to win a ban on bee-killing neonicotinoids.


Wendy Wendlandt

President, Environment America; Senior Vice President, The Public Interest Network

​​As president of Environment America, Wendy is a leading voice for the environment in the United States. She has been quoted in major national, state and local news outlets for nearly 40 years on issues ranging from air pollution to green investing. She is also a senior vice president with The Public Interest Network. She is a founding board member of Green Corps, the field school for environmental organizers, and Green Century Funds, the nation’s first family of fossil fuel free mutual funds. Wendy started with WashPIRG, where she led campaigns to create Washington state’s model toxic waste cleanup program and to stop the nation’s first high-level nuclear waste dump site. She is a 1983 graduate of Whitman College. She lives in Los Angeles with her husband and dog and hikes wherever and whenever she can.

Steve Blackledge

Senior Director, Conservation America Campaign, Environment America

Steve directs Environment America’s efforts to protect our public lands and waters and the species that depend on them. He led our successful campaign to win full and permanent funding for our nation’s best conservation and recreation program, the Land and Water Conservation Fund. He previously oversaw U.S. PIRG’s public health campaigns. Steve lives in Sacramento, California, with his family, where he enjoys biking and exploring Northern California.

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