September 27, 2021
Dear Speaker Pelosi and Minority Leader McCarthy:
On behalf of the Greater Chaco Coalition, we are writing to express our support for language included in the House version of the reconciliation bill that would withdraw federal lands and minerals within roughly ten miles of Chaco Culture National Historical Park (Chaco Canyon) from future oil and gas leasing. This is an extremely sensitive area, and of significant ongoing importance to the 20 Pueblos of New Mexico and Texas, which have repeatedly asked the federal government to permanently protect federal lands surrounding Chaco Canyon from oil and gas activity.
By withdrawing these lands from further leasing, Congress would honor the wishes of Pueblo communities.
Additionally, this withdrawal, would prevent oil and gas companies from burdening communities with additional reclamation costs. According to a recent study from the New Mexico State Land Office, there is currently an $8 billion gap between the amount of money that oil and gas companies have posted to cover reclamation costs in New Mexico and the actual amount of those costs – and that’s just for non-federal lands. On federal lands, based on estimates from the Government Accountability Office, that shortfall – i.e., the amount of the oil and gas industry’s reclamation costs that could fall to communities – could range from $581.9 million to $4.6 billion.
In northwestern New Mexico, where Chaco Canyon is located, this is not an abstract problem. Over the past several decades, the Bureau of Land Management has leased most of this area for oil and gas drilling, and tens of thousands of wells have been drilled. Many of these wells are now inactive and reaching the end of their life cycles – and, according to a new study from the National Parks Conservation Association dozens of these wells are located within thirty miles of Chaco Canyon. By withdrawing the lands around Chaco Canyon, Congress would help ensure that additional reclamation costs – costs that should be borne by industry – would not fall to communities.
We are aware of the Navajo Nation Council’s concerns for what this withdrawal would mean for Navajo mineral rights owners in the area. It is our belief, based on the fact that only federal lands and minerals would be withdrawn, that those individuals would be able to fully exercise the development rights they currently enjoy concerning their lands.
Once again, thank you for including this important language in the House reconciliation bill.
Greater Chaco Coalition
Conservation Lands Foundation
Environment New Mexico
National Parks Conservation Association
National Trust for Historic Preservation
New Mexico Wild
The Wilderness Society